RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I’m Rachel Martin. Peshawar, Pakistan is a city we listened a lot about during a tallness of a U.S. advance of Afghanistan. It sits tighten to a Afghan limit and has been a nod tact belligerent for terrorism.
This past week, it suffered a horrific conflict when Taliban militants entered a military-run propagandize and killed during slightest 140 students and staff members. In response, a Pakistani troops pronounced Friday they’re stepping adult operations opposite insurgents and that they’ve already killed some-more than 60 militants in clashes nearby a border.
Michael Semple has spent a lot of time in this partial of a world. He is now a visiting highbrow during Queen’s University in Belfast. Welcome to a program.
MICHAEL SEMPLE: Hello.
MARTIN: Michael, can we start off by usually giving us a clarity of what this city is like when we have spent time there? It’s a large place, right?
SEMPLE: It’s a sprawling place, that embraces ancestral bazaars by to complicated bureau blocks by to a troops area left by a British by to a interloper camps and, we know, sand houses on a outskirts. You know, there’s all there in a cocktail that creates adult Peshawar.
MARTIN: How has a U.S. quarrel in Afghanistan over a past decade and some-more influenced this city?
SEMPLE: The U.S. impasse arrange of solidified a links between Peshawar and what happens opposite a limit since we have these good convoys of trucks carrying products for a U.S. Army deployed in Afghanistan. But also since we had so many people, not slightest a Afghan Taliban, unresolved out around Peshawar as well.
MARTIN: The conflict that happened on a troops propagandize in Peshawar this past week was carried out by a Pakistani Taliban. Can we explain how that organisation is opposite from a Taliban in Afghanistan? Where do their aims join and where do they diverge?
SEMPLE: The Pakistani Taliban explain to be constant to a personality of a Afghan Taliban movement. However, they are rather opposite people from a Afghan Taliban. They have a opposite history, and we trust they have opposite aspirations.
The Afghan Taliban, during a second half of a 1990s, ran a government. And they aspire to get behind to energy in Kabul, or some of them competence even be calm with a share in power. And when you’re in a business of arrange of real, energy politics using governments, we know about a art of domestic compromise. That’s since a Afghan Taliban came out with a matter condemning a propagandize conflict since we can’t do politics if you’re seen to be murdering children.
The Pakistani Taliban contend that they are fighting to settle an Islamic state in Pakistan. In reality, they are not feasible absolute adequate to do that.
MARTIN: The arch of Pakistan’s army flew to Kabul after a conflict and met with a Afghan president. Do we consider that’s usually mystic domestic scheme in a moment? Or is that a pointer of genuine coordination, during slightest in a brief term, when it comes to enormous down on an rebellion that threatens both countries?
SEMPLE: This awful conflict came during an important, poignant impulse where concurrently we’ve got a new supervision anticipating a approach in Afghanistan. And we have Afghan confidence army holding over from NATO and a U.S. People already knew that things were changing. And a Pakistan Army has had to confront a awaiting that if a Afghan Taliban indeed were to quarrel their approach to energy in Kabul, it competence be a unequivocally bad thing for Pakistan.
So we trust it was intensely poignant since unequivocally a blank component in Pakistan’s counterterror plan has been effective team-work between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Indeed, groups like a Pakistani Taliban feat a hostility or inability of a dual adjacent states to work with any other unequivocally to find, we know, areas along a limit that they can feat as their protected havens.
MARTIN: Michael Semple is a visiting highbrow during a Institute for a Study of Conflict Transformation and Social Justice during Queens University in Belfast. Thank we so most for articulate with us.
SEMPLE: Much welcome.
NPR transcripts are combined on a rush deadline by a executive for NPR, and correctness and accessibility might vary. This content might not be in a final form and might be updated or revised in a future. Please be wakeful that a lawful record of NPR’s programming is a audio.