An al-Qaeda breakaway group that seized large swaths of Iraq in recent weeks declared Sunday the creation of a new religious state in Iraq and Syria, as it continued to repel government forces in Tikrit, the hometown of former dictator Saddam Hussein.
The militant group called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant announced it will now be known as The Islamic State.
A spokesman for the new entity, Abu Mohammed al-Adnani, said the group’s chief, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, remains its leader, and called on residents in areas under its control to swear allegiance to al-Baghdadi and support him.
The announcement could force other jihadist groups to either join or fight the group, which lays claim to billions of dollars in assets, scores of communities and operations that extend into Turkey and Lebanon, said Charles Lister, an analyst at the Brookings Doha Center, a think tank.
“The Islamic State’s announcement made it clear that it would perceive any group that failed to pledge allegiance an enemy of Islam,” Lister said. “Already, this new Islamic State has received statements of support and opposition from jihadist factions in Syria.”
The group, which was disowned this year by al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahri, has developed an elaborate bureaucracy and an efficient model of governance, providing modern social services together with medieval justice. And it has supporters in Jordan, Gaza, the Sinai Peninsula, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, Lister said.
“This could well be the birth of a totally new era of transnational jihadism,” he said.
The group, which gained control of much of northern Syria during that country’s civil war, fought U.S. troops as al-Qaeda in Iraq during the U.S. occupation.
In Tikrit on Sunday, Iraqi helicopter gunships struck suspected insurgent positions as part of a government offensive to retake the city from the militants. The Iraqi military launched its push on Saturday with a multipronged assault spearheaded by ground troops backed by tanks and helicopters. Iraq said the army is coordinating its campaign with the United States.
The insurgents appeared to have repelled the military’s initial push for Tikrit and remained in control of the city Sunday, but clashes were taking place in the northern neighborhood of Qadisiyah, two residents reached by telephone told the Associated Press.
Muhanad Saif al-Din, who lives in the city center, said he could see smoke rising from Qadisiyah, which borders the University of Tikrit.
Iraqi military spokesman Qassim al-Moussawi said Sunday that the military was in full control of the university and had raised the Iraqi flag over the campus.
Iraqi soldiers take up position at Arar near the Iraqi border with Saudi Arabia on June 27. Iraqi government troops launched airstrikes against Islamist-led insurgents in Tikrit on Friday.(Photo: Alaa Al-Shemaree, epa)
Jawad al-Bolani, a security official in the provincial operation command, said the U.S. was sharing intelligence with Iraq and has played an “essential” role in the Tikrit offensive. “The Americans are with us, and they are an important part in the success we are achieving in and around Tikrit,” al-Bolani said.
The United States has sent 180 of 300 American troops that President Obama has promised to help Iraqi forces.
The U.S. military said it is flying 30 to 35 missions a day over Iraq, primarily on surveillance missions. “Some of those aircraft are armed,” Rear Adm. John Kirby, the Pentagon spokesman, said Saturday. The flights included both drones and manned aircraft.
Tikrit is one of two major cities to fall to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Saif al-Din said the city had emptied out in recent days as people fled ahead of the anticipated clashes.
“Tikrit has become a ghost town because a lot of people left over the past 72 hours, fearing random aerial bombardment and possible clashes as the army advances toward the city,” Saif al-Din said. “The few people who remain are afraid of possible revenge acts by Shiite militiamen who are accompanying the army. We are peaceful civilians, and we do not want to be victims of this struggle.”
If Iraq’s military forces are successful in regaining Tikrit, it would provide a boost to embattled Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, who is fighting for his job as many former allies drop their support and Iraqis increasingly express doubts about his ability to unify the country.
Al-Maliki, however, has shown little inclination publicly to step aside and instead appears set on a third consecutive term after his bloc won the most seats in April elections. The parliament convenes Tuesday to start the process to select a new government.
The United States and other world powers have pressed al-Maliki to reach out to the country’s Sunni and Kurdish minorities and have called for a more inclusive government that can address longstanding grievances.
Al-Maliki has widely been accused of monopolizing power and alienating Sunnis, who have long complained of being unfairly targeted by security forces.
Contributing: Jim Michaels; The Associated Press
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